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Given a binary tree, determine if it is a valid binary search tree (BST).
Assume a BST is defined as follows:
- The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node's key.
- The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node's key.
- Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.
2 / \ 1 3 Input: [2,1,3] Output: true
5 / \ 1 4 / \ 3 6 Input: [5,1,4,null,null,3,6] Output: false Explanation: The root node's value is 5 but its right child's value is 4.