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230. Kth Smallest Element in a BST

Description

Given the root of a binary search tree, and an integer k, return the kth (1-indexed) smallest element in the tree.

 

Example 1:

Input: root = [3,1,4,null,2], k = 1
Output: 1

Example 2:

Input: root = [5,3,6,2,4,null,null,1], k = 3
Output: 3

 

Constraints:

  • The number of nodes in the tree is n.
  • 1 <= k <= n <= 104
  • 0 <= Node.val <= 104

 

Follow up: If the BST is modified often (i.e., we can do insert and delete operations) and you need to find the kth smallest frequently, how would you optimize?

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